COMMON EUROPEAN FRAMEWORK REFERENCE



The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, Assessment, abbreviated in English as CEFR, is a guideline used to describe achievements of learners of foreign languages across Europe. It was put together by the Council of Europe as the main part of the project “Language Learning for European Citizenship” between 1989 and 1996. Its main aim is to provide a method of learning, teaching and assessing which applies to all languages in Europe.

A language user can develop various degrees of competence in each of these domains and to help describe them the CEFR has provided a set of six Common Reference Levels (A1, A2, B1, B2, C1, C2).

The six reference levels are becoming widely accepted as the European standard for grading an individual’s language proficiency.


(CEFR B1)

pet1


(CEFR B2)

fce1


(CEFR C1)

adv


(CEFR C2)

cpe1